Setting up the GAP8 SDK
The GAP8 SDK allows you to compile and execute applications on the GAP8 IoT Application Processor. This SDK is an extract of the necessary elements from the pulp-sdk produced by the PULP project, to provide a development environment for the GAP8 series processors.
We provide you with a set of tools and two different operating systems for GAP8:
- GAP8 RISCV GNU toolchain: a pre-compiled toolchain inherited from RISC V
project with support for our extensions to the RISC-V Instruction Set
- Program / control GAP8
- Debug your application using GDB
- Program the GAPuino flash memory with applications
- NNTOOL: a set of tools based on Python helps to port NN graphs from various NN training packages to GAP8
- Autotiler: a code generator for GAP8, which can generate a user algorithm (CNN, MatrixAdd, MatrixMult, FFT, MFCC, etc) with optimized memory management.
- gapy: a Python utility for building the flashimage, creating partitions and filesystems, executing OpenOCD, etc.
- GAP8 RISCV GNU toolchain: a pre-compiled toolchain inherited from RISC V project with support for our extensions to the RISC-V Instruction Set Architecture.
- Operating Systems
- PULP OS - The open source embedded RTOS produced by the PULP project
- FreeRTOS - FreeRTOS is an open source real-time operating system. GreenWaves Technologies has ported it to GAP8.
- PMSIS - PMSIS is an open-source system layer which any operating system can implement to provide a common API to applications. We currently provide it for PULP OS and FreeRTOS, and it is used by our applications to be portable.
Getting started with the GAP SDK
OS Requirements installation
These instructions were developed using a fresh Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver 64-Bit virtual machine from OS-Boxes.
The following packages need to be installed:
sudo apt-get install -y build-essential \ git \ libftdi-dev \ libftdi1 doxygen \ python3-pip \ libsdl2-dev \ curl \ wget \ cmake \ libusb-1.0-0-dev \ scons \ gtkwave \ libsndfile1-dev \ rsync \ autoconf \ automake \ texinfo \ libtool \ pkg-config \ libsdl2-ttf-dev \ libjpeg-dev
For Ubuntu 20.04 only:
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python python /usr/bin/python3 10
This will setup a "python" binary pointing at python3.
Clone, build and install OpenOCD for GAP8:
git clone https://github.com/GreenWaves-Technologies/gap8_openocd.git cd gap8_openocd ./bootstrap ./configure --program-prefix=gap8- --prefix=/usr --datarootdir=/usr/share/gap8-openocd make -j sudo make -j install #Finally, copy openocd udev rules and reload udev rules sudo cp /usr/share/gap8-openocd/openocd/contrib/60-openocd.rules /etc/udev/rules.d sudo udevadm control --reload-rules && sudo udevadm trigger
Now, add your user to dialout group.
sudo usermod -a -G dialout <username> # This will require a logout / login to take effect
Finally, logout of your session and log back in.
If you are using a Virtual Machine make sure that you give control of the FTDI device to your virtual machine. Plug the GAPuino into your USB port and then allow the virtual machine to access it. For example, for VirtualBox go to Devices->USB and select the device.
Please also make sure that your Virtual Machine USB emulation matches your PC USB version. A mismatch causes the USB interface to be very slow.
The following instructions assume that you install the GAP SDK into your home directory. If you want to put it somewhere else then please modify them accordingly.
You can follow the steps for Ubuntu 18.04 except for the following instructions.
After you have installed the system packages with apt-get, you need to also create this symbolic link:
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/libftdi-config /usr/bin/libftdi1-config
Also, you may need to install git lfs
curl -s https://packagecloud.io/install/repositories/github/git-lfs/script.deb.sh | sudo bash sudo apt-get install git-lfs git lfs install
Download and install the toolchain
Now clone the GAP8 SDK and the GAP8/RISC-V toolchain:
git clone https://github.com/GreenWaves-Technologies/gap_riscv_toolchain_ubuntu_18.git
In case you use an old git version, you may need to use these commands instead:
git lfs clone https://github.com/GreenWaves-Technologies/gap_riscv_toolchain_ubuntu_18.git
Install the toolchain (this may require to launch the script through sudo):
cd ~/gap_riscv_toolchain_ubuntu_18 ./install.sh
Finally, clone the sdk (adapt gap_sdk path according to your needs)
git clone https://github.com/GreenWaves-Technologies/gap_sdk.git cd ~/gap_sdk
Configure the SDK
You can either source sourceme.sh in the root sdk folder and then select the right board from the list, or directly source the board config.
# replace gapuino_v2.sh by the board you want source config/gapuino_v2.sh
If you directly source the board config, you need to source the appropriate config file for the board that you have. The SDK supports 2 boards (gapuino and gapoc) and each of them can use version 1 or version 2 of the GAP8 chip. Boards bought before 10/2019 contains GAP8 version 1 and use a USB B plug for JTAG while the ones bought after contains version 2 and use a USB micro B for JTAG.
Hereafter you can find a summary of the available boards and their configuration file.
Once the proper config file is sourced, you can proceed with the SDK build.
Note that after the SDK has been built, you can source another board config file to change the board configuration, in case you want to use a different board. In this case the SDK will have to be built again. As soon as the SDK has been built once for a board configuration, it does not need to be built again for this configuration, unless the SDK is cleaned.
Minimal install (FreeRTOS only, no neural network tools)
We will first make a minimal install to check whether previous steps were successful. If you are only doing board bringup or peripheral testing, this install will also be a sufficient.
Our modules (gapy runner) require a few additional Python packages that you can install with this command from GAP SDK root folder:
pip3 install -r requirements.txt
First, use the following command to configure the shell environment correctly for the GAP SDK. It must be done for each terminal session**:
cd ~/gap_sdk # Choose which board source sourceme.sh
Tip: You can add an "alias" command as follows in your .bashrc file:
alias GAP_SDK='cd ~/gap_sdk && source sourceme.sh'
Typing GAP_SDK will now change to the gap_sdk directory and execute the source command.
Then, compile the minimal set of dependencies to run examples:
Finally try a test project. First connect your GAPuino to your PCs USB port. Now, you should be able to run your first helloworld on the board.
cd examples/pmsis/helloworld make clean all run PMSIS_OS=freertos platform=board
In details: PMSIS_OS allows us to choose an OS (freertos/pulpos), platform allows to choose the runner (board/gvsoc) and io choose the default output for printf (host/uart).
After the build you should see an output resembling:
*** PMSIS HelloWorld *** Entering main controller [32 0] Hello World! Cluster master core entry [0 7] Hello World! [0 0] Hello World! [0 4] Hello World! [0 5] Hello World! [0 3] Hello World! [0 1] Hello World! [0 2] Hello World! [0 6] Hello World! Cluster master core exit Test success ! Detected end of application, exiting with status: 0 Loop exited commands completed
If this fails, ensure that you followed previous steps correctly (openocd install, udev rules). If libusb fails with a permission error, you might need to reboot to apply all changes.
If you need GAP tools for neural networks (nntool) or the Autotiler, please follow the next section
If you just wish to also have access to pulp-os simply type:
# compile pulp-os and its librairies make pulp-os
And replace PMSIS_OS=freertos by PMSIS_OS=pulpos on your run command line.
In order to use the GAP tools for neural networks (nntool), we strongly encourage to install the Anaconda distribution ( Python3 ). You can find more information on Anaconda website.
Note that this is needed only if you want to use nntool, you can skip this step otherwise. Once Anaconda is installed, you need to activate it and install Python modules for this tool with this command:
pip install -r tools/nntool/requirements.txt pip install -r requirements.txt
Pull and compile the full tool suite
Finally, we install the full tool suite of the sdk (including nntool and autotiler).
Note that if you only need autotiler (and not nntool) you can instead use:
make all && make autotiler
OpenOCD for GAP8 is now used instead of plpbridge. There are a few applications which require OpenOCD, as they are using OpenOCD semi-hosting to transfer files with the workstation.
You have to install the system dependencies required by OpenOCD. You can find them in OpenOCD README.
There are different cables setup by default for each board. In case you want to use a different cable, you can define this environment variable:
Using the virtual platform
If you only followed Minimal installation process, begin by compiling gvsoc:
You can also run this example on the GAP virtual platform with this command:
make clean all run platform=gvsoc PMSIS_OS=freertos/pulpos
You can also generate VCD traces to see more details about the execution:
make clean all run platform=gvsoc runner_args=--vcd
You should see a message from the platform telling how to open the profiler.
Using the flasher (Hyperflash)
As soon as at least one file for a file-system is specified, the command
make all will also build a flash image containing the file systems and upload
it to the flash.
For example, you can include files for the readfs file-system with these flags in your Makefile:
READFS_FILES += <file1> <file2> <file3> ......
In case you don't have any file but you still want to upload the flash image, for example for booting from flash, you can execute after you compiled your application:
In case you specified files, the command
make all will not only build the
application but also build the flash image and upload it to the flash.
In case you just want to build your application, you can do:
Then after that if you want to produce the flash image and upload it, you can do:
make image flash
Boot from flash
The board is by default configured to boot through JTAG. If you want to boot from flash, you need to first program a few efuses to tell the ROM to boot from flash. Be careful that this is a permanent operation, even though it will still be possible to boot from JTAG. This will just always boot from flash when you power-up the board or reset it.
To program the efuses, execute the following command and follow the instructions:
# if using hyperflash: openocd-fuser-hyperflash # if using spiflash: openocd-fuser-spiflash
If you choose to boot your application from Flash, and you want to view the output of printf's in your code then you can first compile your application with the printf redirected on the UART with this command:
make clean all platform=board PMSIS_OS=your_os io=uart
You can also use a terminal program, like "cutecom":
sudo apt-get install -y cutecom cutecom&
Then please configure your terminal program to use /dev/ttyUSB1 with a 115200 baud rate, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit.
SDK examples can be compiled and run on boards from Vscode.
The GDB version included in the GAP toolchain is too old to properly work with the debug, you need to download and install the riscv toolchain and make sure riscv64-unknown-elf-gdb is in the PATH.
Vscode is using some files such as tasks.json and launch.json to know how to build and run on the target.
Once the SDK is configured, you can generate a sample version of these files from an example with:
cd examples/pmsis/helloworld make vscode
Everything should be properly setup for building the example but you need to modify a few files for the execution. For the build, you may just need to modify the file .vscode/script/build.sh to put the proper platform on this command:
make all platform=fpga
Then modify .vscode/tasks.json and modify the openocd command to put the absolute path to the files and add any needed option:
"command": "<OCD install path>/openocd.exe -f <OCD install path>/scripts/tcl/interface/ftdi/olimex-arm-usb-ocd-h.cfg -f <SDK install path>/tools/gap8-openocd-tools/tcl/gap9revb.tcl"
And finally modify .vscode/launch.json and modify the gdb command to match your IP address and openocd gdb port:
"text": "target extended-remote <IP address>:3333",
From your example folder, execute:
You should see vscode with all the files from your example visible on the left panel. You can now edit and save all the files.
Build the example
Click on "Terminal"->"Run Task"->"Build from Makefile"->"Continue without scanning the task output" to build your test.
Check any problem that occurs in the terminal window of vscode. If you don’t see anything happening, you may have run vscode without the --log trace option.
Click on "Terminal"->"Run Task"->"Openocd"->"Continue without scanning the task output"
You should see on the terminal window, Openocd being launched and connecting to the target.
You can keep this terminal opened for several runs of your test, and you can kill it with the trash icon if something goes really wrong or you want to close it.
Launch the example
Click on "Run"->"Start Debugging" and then do normal vscode debug operations, like running, stopping, adding breakpoints and so on.
All the printf from the application is visible on the openocd terminal.
Build the documentation:
cd gap_sdk make docs
If you haven't download and install the autotiler, you will probably have some warnings when you build the docs. All the documentations are available on our website.
You can read the documentation by opening gap_doc.html in the docs folder in your browser:
If you would like PDF versions of the reference manuals you can do:
cd docs make pdf
Upgrading/Downgrading the SDK
If you want to upgrade/downgrade your SDK to a new/old version:
cd gap_sdk git checkout master && git pull git checkout <release tag name> # For minimal install make clean minimal_sdk # for full install make clean sdk
You can find a list of releases on Github.
Please log any issue you have with the SDK in the Github project. Include all the information you can to help us reproduce your issue, including SDK version, logs, steps to reproduce and board.